AP Biology

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Ecology Biochemistry Cell Biology & Transport Photosynthesis
Cellular Respiration Bacteria & Protists Fungi Plants
DNA Replication/Protein Synthesis Mitosis/Meiosis Mendelian Genetics Non Mendelian Genetics
Human Genetics Molecular Biology Embryology/Development Invertebrate/Vertebrate
General Human Endocrine System Digestive System Circulation
Immune Respiration Excretion Nervous System
Evolution AP REVIEW Cat Dissection Biology Careers
Ethics
 AP LABS OnLine

AP Biology Wiki

ONLINE TEXTBOOKS & REFERENCE MATERIALS
GLOSSARY
An On-Line Biology Book (last update in 2007) 
BIOLOGY SUFFIX AND PREFIXES
Practice Exams by Topic (McGraw-Hill Textbook - NOT Campbell text)
GREAT QUICKY LABS

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ECOLOGY

1. Sow Bug vs Pillbug - University of Kentucky Entomology
2. Sowbugs & Pillbugs - Texas A & M University
3. Sow Bug vs. Pill Bug - University of Arizona
4. Bug of the Month Article about Sow Bugs and Pill Bugs
5.  General information about Pill Bugs: Enchanted Learning

6. Isopod Anatomy Info: VERY DETAILED!!
7.  Sowbugs Revisited: Bug of the Month Article
8.  Sowbugs, Pillbugs, and Woodlice (oh my!)
9.  Sowbugs & Pillbugs - Iowa State University Department of Entomology


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BIOCHEMISTRY

1. Energy-Enzyme-Catalysis Problem
2. Amino Acid and Protein Animated Tutorial
3. Macromolecule and Enzyme Animations
4. MORE assorted macromolecule and enzyme animations
5. Macromolecule Tutorials - carbohydrates, proteins, lipids, nucleic acids
6. Basic Biochemistry - from Western Kentucky University Bio 113
7. Macromolecule quiz: 10 questions
8. Another Quiz: McGraw-Hill text, 43 questions
 

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CELL BIOLOGY

Inner Life of a Cell - Harvard Animation

CELL TRANSPORT
1.  Phagocytosis of diplococcus by macrophage (movie): scroll down to location on page where it has the link "510K time lapse movie"
2.  Pinocytosis animation
3.  Receptor-Mediated Endocytosis Animation (for LDL's)
4.  Receptor Mediated Endocytosis Diagram (for LDL's)
5.  Symport Animation
6.  Antiport Animation (Na+/K+ pump)
7. Assorted Membrane Transport Animations
8. MORE assorted membrane transport animations: scroll down page to heading 'membrane transport'
9. Osmosis Animation & Quiz

10. Diffusion & Osmosis (SALT SUCKS) with link to Active transport page
11. Active Transport Tutorial, Animation, and quiz
12. Active Transport Animation: the sodium/potassium pump

CELL STRUCTURE & TYPES OF CELLS
1. Eukaryotic Cell interactive tutorial: plant cell & animal cell
2. How big is a . . .
3. Cellupedia - the online encyclopedia of all things related to cell types, structures, and processes
4. Types of cells animation

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CELLULAR RESPIRATION

1.Glycolysis-fermentation animation
2. Importance of NAD
3. ATP SYNTASE MOVIE
4. RESPIRATION QUESTIONS
5.Respiration Problems
6. ELECTRON TRANSPORT & CHEMIOSMOSIS   
7. How Glycolysis Works - Animation
8. Glycolysis & Kreb's Cycle Video - YouTube made by an AP Biology class
9. Cellular Respiration Animation: Big picture and each step


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EUBACTERIA - ARCHAEBACTERIA - VIRUSES - PROTISTS

1. The Importance of Biodiversity


2. Introduction to the Viruses
3. The Big Picture Book of Viruses
4. HIV

5. PROTISTS WITH PICTURES
6. GREAT REVIEW SLIDES FOR LAB EXAM

Volvox:  sexual and asexual reproduction
General Protist with pictures and basic descriptions

7. Major Groups of Prokaryotes
8. General Information about Eubacteria
9. General Information about Archaebacteria
10. Features of Eubacteria
11. Ecological Roles of Bacteria
12. Endosymbiosis and Bacteria
13. Bacterial Factoids
14. Bacteria: Age and Diversity
15. Prokaryotic cells
 

16. Diversity of Kingdom Protista
17. Microbe Interactive Database of Images and Classification
18. Brown Algae (Sargassium)
19. Culturing Dinoflagellates
20. Introduction to Green Algae
21. Rhodophyta (red algae)

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FUNGI

1. Great Fungi Links
2. General Characteristics and Classification of Fungi
3. Amazing Fungi Links Page
4. General Fungi Info and Fun Fungi Facts
5. BIG MUSHROOM Picture
6. Microscopic Pictures of Various Fungi Species
 

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PLANTS

General

Plant Evolution and Classification
This website has an EXCELLENT summary of plants, water transportation, ferns, similarities/differences between green algae and plants, explanation of alternation of generations, and so much more

Evolution of Land Plants
Describes plant adaptations to land, special adaptations of angiosperms, characteristics of plants, and more.

Alternation of Generations
This website has GREAT pictures, a lot of information about alternation of generation, ferns, conifers, and flowering plants.

Bryophytes
Bryophyte Lab Pictures/Slides
This website has GREAT pictures, a lot of information about alternation of generation, ferns, conifers, and flowering plants.

Bryophyte Lab Pics from U of Wisconsin
files of pictures- includes archegonia/antheridia, sporangia, gemmae cup

1. Systematics of the "Green Algae", Part 1

2. Chromista-Kingdom of Diatoms-Kelp-Powdery Mildew
3 PLANT SLIDES, PICTURES,ECT

3.1 PLANT SLIDES, PICTURES,ECT
4. Ferns
5. Gymnosperms
6. Plant Cell Types
7. General Plant Structure
8. General Plant Structure(slides)
9. Seed Germination and Plant Hormones
10. Gravitropism
11. Plant Transport
12. Plant Growth and Development
13. Exam Directory

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PHOTOSYNTHESIS

1. Photosynthetic Pigment
2. Photosynthesis - Other Approaches
3. Animated Photosystem I and Photosystem II
4. Calvin Cycle
5. C4 Plants
6. ATP Production-Chemiosmosis
7. Photosynthesis Problem Set 1
8. Photosynthesis Problem Set 2
9. Stroma function

 

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DNA REPLICATION/PROTEIN SYNTHESIS

GREAT DNA INTRODUCTION PAGE
1. GENERAL PROTEIN SYNTHESIS
2. Genetic Code
3. Hereditary Material: Requirements
3.5 Chromosome Packaging
4. DNA Structure
5. The Structure of the DNA Molecule
6. Numbers and DNA
7. Control of Gene Expression
8. Summary of RNA
9. Overview of Transcription and Translation
10 Overview of Transcription and Translation
11 Exon
12. Translation
13 Protein Synthesis Animation
 

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CELL DIVISION/MITOSIS/MEIOSIS


1. Cell Cycle Graph
2. GREAT MITOSIS/MEIOSIS TUTORIAL
3. GREAT PLANT AND ANIMAL MITOSIS COMPARISON SLIDES
4. Onion Slides
5. Cell Division Tutorials
6 Good Mitosis info
7. Cell Division/Whitefish
7. CELL DIVISION MOVIES
8. CELL DIVISION MOVIES
9. Cell Cycle Control and Cancer
10. Crossing Over of Chromosomes in Meiosis
11. Assortment of Chromosomes in Meiosis
12. Meiosis
13. GREAT MEIOSIS SITE/COMPARISON OF MITOSIS AND MEIOSIS
14. GREAT MITOSIS TUTORIAL

 
 
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MENDELIAN GENETICS

1. Independent Assortment
 

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NONMENDELIAN GENETICS

1. Example of Multiple Alleles
2. Example of Complementary Genes
3. Sex Chromosomes and Determination of Sex
4. Sex Linkage(Colorblindness)
5. Introduction to Chromosomal Abnormalities
6. Chromosomal Mutations
7. Trisomy/karyotype Explanations
8. Egg and Sperm/Fertilization/Cause of Trisomy
9. EPISTASIS,LINKAGE, DNA FINGERPRINTING

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HUMAN GENETICS

1. HUMAN TRAITS
2. Tongue Rolling
3. Importance of Genetics to Humans
4. Mitochondrial Inheritance Pedigree
5. Mitochondrial Diseases
6. The Blue People of Kentucky
7. The Human Transcript Map
9. Hairy Pinna(ears)
10. Hapsburg Lip and Jaw
11. Soap Opera Genetics
12. Blackett Family DNA Activity
13. ABO Blood Group Genetic Outcomes
14. Mitochondrial Inheritance
15. Disease Pages
16. Human Genome Map
17. Human Disease Data Base according to gene
18. Human Genes and Disease
19. HUMAN GENETIC PROBLEM SET
20. A GOOD HUMAN KARYOTYPING ACTIVITY
21. KARYOTYPES
22. KARYOTYPES
23. Sex Chromosome Disorders
24. HUMAN GENOME BY CHROMOSOME

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MOLECULAR BIOLOGY

DNA Packaging Animation
Microarray Animation
Sanger Method Animation
PCR Animation
PCR Animation with descriptions at each step

1.  Recombinant DNA and Gene Cloning
2.  Eukaryotic Gene Expression Information
3.  The lac Operon
4. DNA Forensics Problem Set
5. Plasmid -Electrophoresis workSet
6. National Genome Project
7. Biotech Information
8. Human Genome to Date(a different presentation than above)
9.  The Trp Operon 
10. Operon Information: from University of South Carolina Microbiology
11.  Affymetrix Microarrays for particular human diseases
12. National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI)

MICROARRAY SLIDE DATA

Arabidopsis Gene Database: TAIR - The Arabidopsis Information Resource
 
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EMBRYOLOGY/DEVELOPMENT

General Embryology & Development Information

Developmental Biology Online:
Index page - choose your own adventure...

Assorted Embryo Development Movies: Scan website to find specific movies of assorted developmental events

Vertebrate Embryology Page: LOTS of great stuff here that you should know!

Animal Development: scroll down to 'Animal Development' section on page (ignore plant and fruit fly stuff)

SEA STAR, SEA URCHIN; Class ECHINODERMATA
Sea Star Embryology
Sea Star Cleavage
Journal article with great pictures of Sea Star Development
Echinoderm Development (Sea Star)

More starfish development slide images

FROG - Rana and Xenopus Genera; Class AMPHIBIA
Basic Picture of Frog Development

General Frog Develoment Pictures
Frog Development pictures (similar to lab slides)

Click on Links in article to view really good pictures of frog development
Amphibian (Frog) Development pictures AND information
Frog Embryo Atlas
: lots of great pictures of frog development at different time periods

CHICKEN - Gallus Genus; Class Aves
Chicken Embryo Pictures: click to see labeled pictures of embryos created by student groups
Chicken Embryo Pictures
from Tulane University
Chicken Embryo Pictures
: Scroll down to bottom of page (try not to be distracted by terms like 'grasshopper testes'

Diagram of Chicken Egg

Fertilization of Chicken Egg

Anatomy of Chicken Embryo
: blastodisc
Chick Embryo Development Movie: not a great movie, but the information on the page is good if you know how to read
Chicken Embryo Atlas
: lots of pictures of chicken embryos labeled (and unlabeled) at various time periods

HUMAN
Human Gastrula Picture


OTHER REPRODUCTION-RELATED LINKS
1. Female Reproductive Anatomy
2. Ovary Structure

3. Female Hormone Feedback

4. Pre Ovulation Hormone Preparation

5. Menstrual Cycle Summary

6. Hormones of the Menstrual cycle

7. Hormone Relationship in Female Development
8. Spermatogenesis and Oogenesis

9. Sperm Structure
 
10. Male Reproductive Structures
11. Testes Makeup
 
12. Male Reproductive Hormones
13. Testosterone Functioning

14. Genes Linked to Sexual Differentiation

15. Hypothalamus Pituitary, Testes Connection

19. Implantation

20. Early Embryonic Development(preimplantation)

21. Embryonic Development- 1 month

22. Embryonic Development- 2 month

23. Embryonic Development- 3 monthv

24. Embryonic Development- 4 month

25. Embryonic Development- 5 month

26. Embryonic Development- 6 month
 
27. Embryonic Development- 7 month
28. Embryonic Development- 8 month

29. Embryonic Development- 9 month

30. Major Birth Phases

31. Embryonic Development Drawings

33. Gastrulation video

34. Human Development

35. Human Development.

36. The Visible Embryo

37. Zygote: Info Link

39. Human Embryo Ultrasounds

41. Abnormal Forms of Sexual Differentiation

42. Abnormal Forms of Sexual Differentiation

45. Teratology



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INVERTEBRATES/VERTEBRATES

For Lab: Invertebrate Lab Handout (pdf file)


1. Introduction to Porifera
2. Introduction to the Cnidaria
3. Introduction to the Annelids
4. Introduction to the Echinoderms
5. Introduction to the Arthropods
6. EXCELLENT SURVEY OF INVERTS
8. SQUID DISSECTION
9. CRAYFISH
10. EARTHWORM
11. CLAM LAB
12. Starfish Anatomy Diagram
13.  Assorted Invertebrate Pictures
14.  MORE Pictures/Diagrams

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GENERAL HUMAN

1. Characteristics of Human Organisms
2. Human Physiology
3. Gross Anatomy Diagrams
4. HISTOLOGY SLIDES
5 HISTOLOGY SLIDES
5.1 HISTOLOGY SLIDES
6 EITHELIAL TISSUE
7 CONNECTIVE TISSUE
8 CARTILAGE AND BONE
9 MUSCLE
10. Virtual Human Body
11. HISTOLOGY SLIDES
12. HISTOLOGY SLIDES
13. HISTOLOGY Info/Slides
14. GREAT HISTOLOGY Info/Slides/EXAMS
Human Body Online

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ENDOCRINE

1. Cell Signaling Mechanisms for Protein and Lipid Hormones
2. General Endocrine Information
3. EndocrineWeb.com: searchable reference for information about glands & disorders including thyroid, parathyroid, pancreas, adrenal, diabetes, and osteoporosis
4. Hormones: of the Pancreas
5. Hormones: of the Parathyroid
6.  Pathophysiology of Endocrine System
7.  Signal Transduction: general information
8. Glucose Regulation
9. Endocrine System/Endocrine Abnormalities
10.  Physiological Effects of Insulin
11.  Signal Transduction: cascades, kinases, second messangers
12.  Cell Signaling: general information
13.  Lipid (steroid) Hormone Signaling
14.  General Endocrine Information: glands, hormones, disorders, and endocrine-related links

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DIGESTIVE SYSTEM

1. General Digestion
2. General Digestion
3 General Digestion
4. Gross Anatomy of Digestion(actual pictures)
 

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CIRCULATORY SYSTEM

Circulation Lab - 2005 (pdf file)

1. Why Venous Blood Appears Blue
2. Heart Links
3. GREAT HEART ANATOMY EXAM
4. CIRCULATION EXAM
 

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IMMUNE SYSTEM

1. Basic Antibody Production Diagram
2. Antibody Diagrams
3. Immune Mechanism Development Diagram
4. White Blood Cells Involved in Immune Response and their Function (table)
5. General Immune System Information
6. HIV Life Cycle
7. HIV Infection
8.  MHC information
9.  General Immunology including: Antibodies, MHC, Humoral Immunity, Cell-Mediated Immunity, Complement Fixation Pathway, & Immunological Defects (click "NEXT" at bottom of page to access all topics)
10. Specific Immunity Animation
11.  Immunology Animations: scroll down a bit to find list of topics (shockwave required)
 

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RESPIRATORY SYSTEM

1. General Respiration
2. General Respiration
 

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<>EXCRETORY SYSTEM
1. General Excretion

2. Excretion

3. Excretion

4. Excretion
<>

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NERVOUS SYSTEM, REFLEXES, & Muscle contraction (scroll down)

1. General Brain and Senses
2. Actual Gross Anatomy Pictures of the Brain

3. General Nervous system
4. Brain Dissection
5. Action potential:ion movement
6. Nervous System Summary
7. Assorted Neurology Animations: action potential, synaptic transmission, rhodopsin absorbing light, hair cells, cochlear reception of different sound frequencies
8. Action Potential:propogation
9.  WebVision: All you ever wanted to know about the EYE
10.  Strabismus:  Eye muscle disorder
11.  Neuron Pictures:  types of neurons, synapses, neuroanatomy
12.  Bones of the Human Skull
13.
  Neuroscience for Kids:  Explanations, Activities, References, Pictures AND MORE! The most comprehensive website for neurology!
14.  Reaction Time:  literature and experimental extensions
15.  Reaction Time:  Experiment considerations and error discussion
16.  Cranial Nerves: from Yale University; interactive
17.  Squids as Experimental Organisms to learn about human nervous system
18.  Retinal Organization / Anatomy
19.  Image Gallery:  Pictures associated with eye and vision
20.  Anatomy of Eye:  Diagram of parts and functions
21.  Society of Neuroscience Research - Brain Briefings (index)
22. Skin: interactive picture of anatomy with related links
23. Ear: List of related links
24. Eye and Ear Page: Diagrams, information from University of Kansas Medical Center
25. Skin: Hey! Your epidermis is showing...
26.  Skin: Two Point discrimination Experiment
27. National Eye Institute

REFLEXES
Knee Jerk Reflex Animation:
why does the narrator pronounce the word neuron so strangely??
Reflex Animation
Mictruition Reflex:
a reflex you can control?!

MUSCLE CONTRACTION
28.  Holt series of animations about muscle contraction - see menu on left side of website
29.  Muscle contraction: use arrow in upper right corner of window to select chapter/topic
30.  Muscle structure and muscle contraction animations
31.  Neuromuscular junction & muscle contraction animation

 

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EVOLUTION

1. The History of Evolution
2. Five Major Misconceptions about Evolution
3. Understanding Evolution (for teachers, but helpful for students, too!)
4. Information Against Creationists View of Human Evolution By an Evolutionist
5. Good Evolution Sources
6. DARWIN BOOKS
7. Quia evolution quiz
8. National Center for Science Education (NCSE)
9.  Sex and the Single Guppy Simulation
10.  Evolution: from PBS
11.  Evolution is a fact and a theory
12.  Evolution 101: from University of Callifornia-Berkeley (student version of link #3)
13.  Hardy-Weinberg Equilibrium
14.  The Peppered Moth Story: long, but worth reading to understand the process of science with respect to explaining mechanisms of evolution
15.  Evolution and the Nature of Science Home Page: lots of evolution resources, links, and activities
16.  Comparing Lamarck and Darwin
17.  Human Evolution (from PBS)
18.  Early Human Fossil Discovery Timeline
19.  Humans and other hominids
20.  Evolution Articles about a variety of topics
21.  Evolution On-line Simulation Activities

  
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ETHICS INFORMATION

1. BIOETHICS - An Outline for a High School Course
2. Science Debates & Ethical Issues
3. ABLE: Selected Articles Online

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CAT DISSECTION


1. CAT DISSECTION - Kenyon College Cat Dissection Tutorial
2. CAT DISSECTION - Muscle Tutorial
3.  Cat Muscles:  Great pictures with muscles color coded
4.  Cat Muscle Pictures
5.  Cat Muscles: Pictures labeled and detailed explanation of each picture
6.  Cat Dissection Powerpoint
7.  Cat Dissection Anatomy Quiz:
multiple choice and picture anatomy quizzes
8.  Cat Dissection from Penn State - Digestive System
9.  Cat Dissection from Penn State - Circulatory System
10.  Cat Dissection from Penn State - Urogenital System
11.  Cat Dissection: Think Quest On-Line Cat Dissection
12. Cat Muscles: Dorsal and Ventral Views

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AP REVIEW HELP

1. LAB REVIEW
2. COLLEGE BOARD SITE
3. AP Review "THOUGHT QUESTIONS"

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BIOLOGY CAREERS

BIOLOGY OCCUPATIONS

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